State of Rio de Janeiro play fair with the Atlantic Forest
The Rio de Janeiro State Government has the commitment to neutralize the carbon emissions resulting from the 2016 Olympic Games in the city of Rio de Janeiro in 2016. The neutralization according to the State and the Brazilian Olympic Committee should be done through the planting of trees recovering degraded areas within the State. The deadline set up by the Brazilian and International Opympic Committees to neutralize the emissions is December 2016.
The Fair Play Project has been coordinated by the Rio de Janeiro State Environmental Institute, and it represents an excellent opportunity for job creation and income generation through an activity that will requireprofessionals skills such as ecological restoration, creating approximately 1,200 direct jobs structuring the restoration supply chain involving training of manpower in cleanup and isolation of planting areas, identifying and marking matrices trees providers of seed collection and processing, seedling production, planting, maintenance and monitoring of biomass for three years to ensure the conditions necessary for successful restoration.
The strategy of the Fair Play Project is aligned with the main management tools for biodiversity conservation, and areas to be restored should primarily contribute to the establishment of ecological corridors, located in buffer zones orsurrounding protected areas, or interstitial mosaic of protected areas, in areas of permanent preservation, and relevant socio-ecological farms.
Among the many benefits of the Project noteworthy structure and strengthen the supply chain of forest restoration in ERJ with increasing and strengthening the production of native plants and commercial interests, the promotion of rubber tree cultivation, training of manpower, the generation employment, the identification of matrices trees for seeds, favoring sustainable production and dissemination of environmental best practices, increased productivity and environmental suitability of many farms. The conversion of disturbed areas in forests and agroforestry systems in the Atlantic Forest will provide, in the medium and long term, positive impacts on the conservation of biodiversity and landscape due to the restoration of the habitat of countless species of fauna and flora, increasing the resilience of restored environments, the protection and maintenance of water resources and regulation of hydrological regime of watersheds, contributing to the improvement and stability of the soil while minimizing erosion and siltation of rivers, improving in air quality and microclimatic conditions, strengthening of local clusters contributing for the sustainability of family farming providing food security in rural areas, and optimization and synergy of public and private efforts,
To fulfill the commitment of neutralization, the Fair Play Project must meet the VCS - Voluntary Carbon Standards and therefore restricted to the areas converted up to 1990. The restoration must to be volunteer, or through the repositioning of the surplus permit removal of vegetation, or not located in areas of permanent preservation or characterized as a adaptation of the legal reserve, with the use of native species of the Atlantic Forest and, where allowed and appropriate, mixed with rubber trees (Heveabrasiliensis). Planting should follow the methodology recommended by the Pact of Restoration of the Atlantic Forest, which INEA is a signatory, with the employment of 2,500 trees per hectare, spaced to provide a quick ground covering, contributing to the control of competing weeds and grasses also by shading. The restored areas will be monitored for three consecutive years, with the guarantee of replanting when mortality exceeds 10%, thus seeking to ensure the success of restoration process.
The seedlings will be produced in the ERJ to meet the genetic and plant, reducing the likelihood of diseases from other states. Local production will contribute to strengthening the supply chain, generating employment and income, and would help to lower costs of forest restoration.
In addition to private farms, protected areas are also target of the Fair Play Project, these are federal, state, municipal or private area of integral protection and sustainable use, in various categories such as Private Reserves of Natural Heritage, Biological Reserves, Areas of Environmental Protection, Parks and Ecological Stations.
Because of the enormity of the project which comprises the largest forest restoration effort ever undertaken by ERJ, one of the main peculiarities of the project are the technical and financial partnerships that has fundamental importance for its success. In this sense, the INEA already has a partnership with the Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation - Embrapa Agrobiology, Botanical Garden Research Institute of Rio de Janeiro - JBRJ, Chico Mendes Institute for Biodiversity Conservation - ICMBio, National Institute of Colonization and Agrarian Reform - INCRA, Brazilian Army , Agricultural Research Corporation of the State of Rio de Janeiro - RIO PESAGRO; River Rural Program, the State Departments of Environment, Agriculture and Livestock, Economic Development, Industry and Services, the Development Agency of the State - INVEST RIO, the Office of Project Management / Civil House, Fluminense Forest Forum, the Federation and the Organization of Brazilian Cooperatives RJ, Organizing Committee for the Olympic and Paralympic Games Rio 2016. They are negotiating potential partnerships with private companies and among the third sector, there are partnerships such as the Golden Lion Tamarin Association, SOS Atlantic Forest Foundation and the Institute of Earth Environment Preservation.
More information http://www.inea.rj.gov.br/inea/jogos_limpos.asp